Category Archives: Teori

Past Perfect Tense


Past Perfect Tense digunakan untuk menerangkan kejadian yang seratus persen SUDAH atau BELUM terjadi di masa lampau ketika ada kejadian berikutnya.

Contoh dalam bahasa Indosianya ialah :

  • Saya sudah menyelesaikan tugas-tugas Saya ketika kolega saya mengajak  saya makan siang.
  • Dian sudah mengirim paket tersebut ketika kliennya menanyakan kabar paket tersebut.

Formula yang digunakan : SUBYEK + HAD + V3 + PAST TENSE.

Contoh :

  • I had arrived at office when my client called me.
  • You had finished your job when my clients came.
  • We had finished the meeting, when the electricity was black out.
  • They had terminated some participants when he failed the test.
  • She had come to my house when you arrived.
  • He had cooked some food when the children asked for lunch.

Contoh kalimat negatif yang berarti BELUM.

  • I hadn’t arrived at office when my client called me.
  • You hadn’t finished your job when my client  came.
  • We hadn’t finished the meeting, when the electricity was black out.
  • They hadn’t terminated some participants when he failed the test.
  • She hadn’t come to my house when you arrived.
  • He hadn’t cooked some food when the children asked for lunch.
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Present Perfect Tense


Present Perfect Tense digunakan untuk menerangkan kegiatan yang sepenuhnya sudah terlaksana. Masalah waktu kapan pelaksanaannya tidaklah menjadi penting. Hal terpenting disini ialah bahwa kegiatan tersebut SUDAH atau BELUM terlaksana.

Formula : Subyek + have/has + Verb 3

Contoh kalimatnya ialah :

I have received your letter.

You have returned the book to him.

We have finished our home works.

They have made a plan for holiday.

She has read that book.

He has arranged a letter for his bos.

Sementara kalimat Passive-nya ialah seperti berikut : Continue reading

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Past Future Tense


Past Future Tense digunakan untuk menrangkan aktifitas yang akan dilakukan di masa lampau ketika ada suatu kegiatan lain terjadi di masa lampau.

Contoh situasi :

  • Saya akan membeli buku dan pensil  saat saya bertemu Nina semalam.
  • Mita akan mengunjungi Nana, saat Rina datang ke rumahnya kemarin.

Formula : Subyek + should/would + Verb1 + PAST TENSE Continue reading

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Teori : Past Continuous Tense


Past Continuous Tense, digunakan untuk menerangkan kejadian yang sedang terjadi di masa lampau pada saat kejadian lain terjadi.

Formula : Subyek + to be + Verb(ing) + PAST TENSE

I was riding my bicycle when my father called me this morning.

You were riding your bicycle when your father called you this morning.

We were riding our bicycle when we met our teacher.

They were playing soccer when the headmaster came to their class.

He was eating when the phone rang eating

She was studying when Nana came last night.

It was eating fish when you hit it.

Bentuk negatifnya.

I was not riding my bicycle when my father called me this morning.

You were not riding your bicycle when your father called you this morning.

We were not riding our bicycle when we met our teacher.

They were not playing soccer when the headmaster came to their class.

He was not eating when the phone rang eating

She was not studying when Nana came last night.

It was not eating fish when you hit it.

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Teori : Present Continuous Tense


Present Continuous Tense digunakan untuk menerangkan kegiatan yang sedang dilaksanakan pada saat pembicara mengatakan hal tersebut.

Formula : Subyek + to be + Verb(ing)

I am riding my  bicycle now.

You are riding your bicycle now.

We are riding our bicycles now.

They are riding their bicycle now.

He is riding his bicycle now.

She is riding his bicycle now.

Pembentukan kalimat negatifnya akan seperti ini : Continue reading

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Simple Past Tense


Simple Past Tense

Digunakan untuk menerangkan suatu kegiatan pada masa lampau / lalu. Kata kerja yang dipakai ialah kata kerja bentuk ke-2 atau past tense.

Format dasar pembuatan kalimatnya ialah :

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Simple Present Tense


Simple Present Tense, dipergunakan untuk menerangkan sesuatu yang bersifat :
1. Rutin
2. Fakta/kebenaran umum

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